Bullying happens in all schools although the schools attempt to eradicate this. We get different types of bullying: Physical bullying: Taking someone’s lunch money, pushing, hitting, etc / Threatening someone with physical violence Emotional bullying: The moment teasing becomes constant and hurtful then it is classified as bullying / Spreading rumours / By gossiping but…

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What is the correct grip? The dynamic tripod grip (as in the image above). The pencil is held between the thumb and index finger, with the pencil resting against the middle finger.  An efficient pencil grip facilitates legibility, letter formation, speed and endurance. An efficient pencil grip is one in which the writing tool is…

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Muscle tone refers to the natural stress in the muscle when at rest. It is not the same as muscle strength. A child with a natural lower tone in his muscle will use his muscles with more effort than a child with normal muscle tone. Children with low muscle-tone therefore tire easily, or they move…

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Causes of poor handwriting Poor visual perceptual skills Poor muscle tone Poor postural control Poor fine eye-hand coordination Poor hand function Poor motor planning Poor sensory integration Poor visio-motor integration Poor concentration ADHD/ADD Cognitive and psychological factors Dysgraphia:  this is a neurological disorder resulting in problematic handwriting. This disorder sometimes accompanies ADHD, Asperger’s, learning disabilities,…

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2,5% of kids in America are depressed (stats in South Africa were not available – from the Anxiety and Depression Support Group). Children as young as 3 years old can be identified with depression. It is more common in boys under 10 years and more common in girls during puberty. Depression won’t go away by…

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Stimulation is necessary for survival of a new-born baby. Touch for a new-born is the most important sensory stimulation that a baby needs for survival. Failure to thrive will occur if a new-born is not touched regularly. Advance brain development will occur if a baby is stimulated beyond what naturally occurs to raise a baby.…

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How does the child present in the classroom The child with Dyslexia: Confusing b/d Reverses letters/numbers Skips words/lines when reading Performs poorly in spellings tests Has anxiety when reading Guesses words when reading Reading and/or spelling below age level Knows the work when mom asked them at home but performs poorly in the exa Adds…

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Name the starting sound/ending sound of words Name and identify letters of the alphabet (sound the letter) – start with lower-case letters and progress to capital letters Write letters  –  let the child learn the correct forming of each letter:  practice this by writing it in salt, forming it with clay, writing down on paper…

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Good readers are: phonemically aware (can sound the letters) knows die letters of the alphabet possess strong vocabularies (knows appropriate words for their age) knows syntactical and grammatical skills e.g. spelling rules It is vital that visual perceptual skills (the building blocks for reading and writing) are intact: Discrimination Memory Sequential memory Form constancy Closure…

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What could cause a child to struggle in school? Developmental delay The parents will hopefully have realize this early on and taken the child for therapy. Learning difficulties These difficulties usually only become apparent when a child goes to nursery school or Gr. R. Referring a child for an assessment at an occupational therapist. Emotional…

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